AP Human Geography

Explore the patterns and processes that impact the way humans understand, use, and change Earth’s surface. Geographic models, methods, and tools help you examine the effect that human social organization and interconnections have on our world.

Major Concepts:

  • Human geography as a field of study
  • Evolution of geography
  • Key questions geographers seek to answer
  • Cartography, including history, tools, and evolution of field of study
  • Types of maps
  • Geographical technologies including GIS and GPS
  • Sources of geographical data
  • Toponymy
  • Interpreting maps
  • Map bias
  • Five themes of geography
  • Absolute and relative location
  • Spatial perspective
  • Physical and human characteristics of place
  • Types of regions
  • Population distribution, density, and scale
  • Analyze population trends
  • Population pyramids
  • Population growth theory
  • Demographic transition model
  • Population policy
  • Impact of population growth
  • Population and natural disasters
  • Migration: Push and pull factors
  • Newton’s gravity model
  • Internal and global migration patterns
  • Involuntary and voluntary migration
  • Impacts of migration on home and host country
  • Cultural diffusion, acculturation, assimilation, and globalization
  • Cultural differences in language, religion, ethnicity, gender
  • Pop and folk culture
  • Cultural landscape and identity
  • Nationality and nationalism
  • Nation-state concept
  • Territorial morphology
  • Boundaries: Identify, interaction, and exchange
  • Federal and Unitary States
  • Electoral geography
  • Imperialism and colonialism
  • International alliances
  • Devolution
  • Political conflict and terrorism
  • Agriculture revolutions
  • Agriculture and place
  • Commercial agriculture
  • Scientific agriculture
  • Economics of agriculture
  • Major agricultural regions
  • Linkages and flows among agricultural regions
  • Rural land use models
  • Rural settlement patterns
  • Environmental impacts of agriculture; deforestation, desertification
  • Green revolution
  • Bio agriculture
  • Economic indicators of development
  • Development models
  • Industrial Revolution
  • Deindustrialization
  • Industrial growth and diffusion
  • Industrial location models
  • Industrial regionalism, economic development, and world systems
  • Environmental impact of industrialization
  • Natural resources and environmental concerns
  • Women in development
  • Sustainable development
  • Globalization of industry; trade
  • Commodity chains
  • Industrial interdependence; transnational corporations
  • Millennium development goals
  • Development of cities; origin, growth; suburbanization; megacities
  • Urban development models
  • Internal city models
  • Urban planning and design
  • Urban housing
  • Urban transportation and infrastructure
  • Changing demographics
  • Urban social structure patterns
S.No.Program NameFee ComponentAmount (USD)Description
1.RegularCourse Fee$ 400To be paid by the student at the time of Registration.

Grade Level

  Grade 9, 10, 11, 12




 Household items for lab experiments


This course is for students with advanced reading and writing skills. Completion of previous advanced or honors level English/ Language Arts courses with a C or above strongly recommended.

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