Language Arts - K

The Elementary English Language Arts Kindergarten course provides students with foundational reading skills, reading comprehension strategies, writing and grammar skills, and speaking and listening skills. Students will learn to identify, match, segment, blend, and change the sounds they hear in words with a consonant-vowel-consonant pattern. Students will learn how to use the basic sounds for consonants and the long and short vowel sounds to decode words when reading. Students will also learn how to use reading comprehension strategies to better understand literature and informative texts. Students will be taught basic grammar skills, such as nouns, verbs, adjectives, and pronouns. Students will participate in planning, drawing, and writing informative, narrative, and opinion writing compositions throughout the course.

Major Topics and Concepts

  • Introduction of the alphabet
  • Parts of words
  • Beginning and end sounds in words
  • Rhyme
  • Syllables
  • Identifying the onset and rime in words
  • Identifying letters and sounds
  • Difference between letters and words
  • Uppercase and lowercase letters
  • Reading directionality
  • Spaces between words
  • Sight words
  • Word families
  • Asking and answering questions about key details
  • Main topic and key details
  • Making connections
  • Question words
  • Meaning of unknown words
  • Retelling familiar stories using key details
  • Characters, settings, and order of events in literature
  • Literature text types
  • Authors and illustrators
  • Parts of a book
  • Comparing and contrasting
  • Order words
  • Nouns
  • Adjectives
  • Verbs
  • Capitalizing a person’s name
  • Singular and plural words
  • Direction words
  • Pronouns
  • Categories
  • New meanings for familiar words
  • Shades of meaning
  • Handwriting for upper and lowercase letters
  • Correct way to hold a pencil
  • Writing a first name
  • Detailed drawings
  • Drawing progression
  • Labeling drawings
  • Writing the first letter in words
  • Spelling words using familiar sounds
  • Informative, narrative or opinion writing on a topic
  • Writing Process
  • Identifying and matching middle sounds in words
  • Blending and segmenting onset and rime
  • Blending sounds in words
  • Segmenting sounds in words
  • Adding phonemes to words
  • Deleting phonemes from words
  • Changing sounds to make new words
  • Identifying letter and sounds
  • Long vowel sounds
  • Digraphs
  • Retelling key details
  • Characters, setting, and events
  • Unknown words to determine meaning
  • Connections within a text
  • Relationships between words and illustrations
  • Author’s point and reasons
  • Synonyms
  • Prefixes
  • Suffixes
  • Root words
  • Prepositions
  • Antonyms
  • Past and future tense
  • Plural nouns
  • Prefixes
  • Suffixes
  • Spelling strategies
  • Handwriting for the upper and lowercase letters
  • Parts of a sentence
  • Punctuation 
  • Writing complete sentences
  • Informative, narrative, or opinion writing on a topic 

Grade Level

  Grade K

Duration

  Annual

Requirements

Students will need the following materials: printer, cell phone or scanner, pencils, scissors, notebook, erasers, crayons, glue, tape, handwriting paper, printer paper, colored paper, and other household items.

Prerequisites

  None

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