AP Biology


This challenging two-semester course engages you in a wide variety of activities. There is substantial emphasis on interpreting and collecting data in virtual labs, writing analytical essays, and mastering biology concepts.


Chemistry of Life

  • Structure of Water and Hydrogen Bonding
  • Elements of Life
  • Introduction to Biological Macromolecules
  • Structure and Function of Biological Macromolecules

Cell Structure and Function

  • Cell Size
  • Plasma Membranes and Permeability
  • Membrane Transport
  • Facilitated Diffusion
  • Tonicity and Osmoregulation
  • Mechanism of Transport
  • Cell Compartmentalization

Cellular Energetics

  • Enzymes
  • Environmental Impacts on Enzyme Function
  • Cellular Energy
  • Photosynthesis
  • Cellular
  • Respiration
  • Fitness

Cell Communication and Cell Cycle

  • Signal Transduction
  • Changes in Signal Transduction Pathways
  • Cell Cycle
  • Regulation of Cell Cycle


  • Meiosis
  • Meiosis and Genetic Diversity
  • Mendelian Genetics
  • Environmental Effects on Phenotype
  • Chromosomal Inheritance

Gene Expression and Regulation

  • DNA and RNA Structure
  • Replication
  • Transcription and RNA Processing
  • Translation Regulation of Gene Expression
  • Gene Expression and Cell Specialization
  • Mutations
  • Biotechnology

Natural Selection

  • Artificial Selection
  • Population Genetics
  • Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium
  • Evidence of Evolution
  • Phylogeny
  • Speciation and Extinction
  • Variations in Populations
  • Origins of Life


  • Responses to the Environment
  • Energy Flow Through Ecosystems
  • Population Ecology
  • Effects of Density of Populations
  • Community Ecology
  • Biodiversity
  • Disruption to Ecosystems

Fee Details

Progam Advanced Placement
Fee Component  Course Fee Material Resource Fee
Amount (USD)  $ 608  $ 51.50 
Description To be paid by the student at the time of Enrollment.

Grade Level

Grade 11, 12




  • Urry, L., Cain, M., Wasserman, S., Minorsky, P. Orr, R. Campbell Biology in Focus. Third AP Edition. New Jersey: Pearson Education Inc., 2020.
  • Household items for lab experiments


Biology 1, Chemistry 1 and Algebra 1 recommended

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