Science - 5

Science Grade Five is an intermediate course with concepts across many types of sciences including Earth Science, Life Science, and Physical Science. Through defining problems, conducting investigations, using the scientific method, and using evidence, students will learn about properties of and changes in matter, mixtures, atoms, energy, force and motion, forms of energy, the solar system and galaxies, the water cycle, weather and climate, adaptations, the human body organs and functions, and organism structure, function, and comparison.

Major Topics and Concepts

 
  • Properties of solids, liquids, and gases
  • Mass
  • Volume
  • Solids can be separated based on observable properties of their parts
  • Materials that dissolve in water and those that do not
  • Mixing two or more materials will result in a new material
  • Conditions that speed up or slow down the dissolving process
  • Matter is composed of parts too small to be seen without a microscope
  • Physical and chemical changes that are affected by temperature
  • Energy has the ability to cause motion or create change
  • Light, heat, sound, electrical, chemical, and mechanical energy
  • Forces that cause objects to move (pushes, pulls, gravity, friction)
  • The effect of two or more forces acting on an object
  • The more mass an object has, the less effect a given force will have on the object’s motion
  • Balanced vs unbalanced forces
  • Opposing forces
  • Electrical energy can be transformed into light, heat, sound, and the energy of motion
  • Identifying and classifying materials that conduct electricity
  • The flow of electricity needs a closed circuit
  • An electrically charged object can attract or repel another charged object without any contact between the objects
  • An electrically charged object can attract an uncharged object without any contact between the objects
  • Steps of the scientific method
  • Identifying a control group
  • Scientific investigations do not always follow the scientific method
  • Personal opinion vs verified observations
  • Experiment vs investigation
  • Science is grounded in empirical observations that are testable
  • Science uses empirical evidence
  • Science investigations should be replicable by others
  • Scientific explanations must always be linked with evidence
  • Repeated experimental trials are necessary
  • Experiments need the identification of variables
  • Making observations
  • Making predictions
  • Making measurements
  • Collecting data
  • Recording data
  • Using evidence to support learning
  • Using evidence to support an argument
  • Defining a problem that can be investigated
  • Conducting investigations
  • Creating models
  • Using appropriate reference materials to support scientific understanding
  • The Milky Way is our galaxy
  • Objects of the Solar System and their characteristics
  • Major common characteristics of all planets
  • Forms of precipitation
  • Conditions necessary for each form of precipitation
  • Clouds are related to the various forms of precipitation
  • How precipitation is related to the weather in a particular location and season
  • The water cycle
  • Change of states in the water cycle
  • The ocean is an important part of the water cycle
  • Air temperature, air pressure, humidity, wind speed and direction, and precipitation
  • Designing a family preparedness plan for natural disasters
  • Climate zones
  • Temperature and precipitation of different climate zones relate to latitude, elevation, and the proximity to bodies of water
  • Adaptations of plants and animals help them survive in different environments
  • How communities can use science to protect Earth’s resources and environment
  • Functions of the parts of the human body
  • How organs work together in the human body
  • Functions of organs and other physical structures of plants and animals
  • Using data to show patterns
  • Using evidence to support scientific explanations
  • Graphing data to provide evidence
  • Generating and comparing multiple solutions to a problem

Grade Level

  Grade 5

Duration

  Annual

Requirements

Students will need the following materials: printer, cell phone or scanner, notebook, pencils, erasers, scissors, crayons, glue, tape, ruler, printer paper, colored-paper, and lab materials.

Prerequisites

  None

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