AP Environmental Science

Learn the scientific principles, concepts, and methodologies required to understand the
interrelationships of the natural world. You will evaluate the risks associated with environmental problems and examine alternative solutions in virtual labs.

Major Concepts:

  • Sustainable land and resource use
  • Agricultural Revolution
  • Industrial Revolution
  • Tragedy of the Commons
  • Public land use
  • Science as a process
  • Scientific method
  • Economic impacts of environmental problems
  • Cost-benefit analysis
  • External and marginal costs
  • Laws, treaties, and organizations relevant to sustainability
  • Biological populations and communities
  • Interactions among species
  • Photosynthesis and cellular respiration
  • First and second laws of thermodynamics
  • Food chains and food webs
  • Trophic levels and ecological pyramids
  • Natural biogeochemical cycles
  • Evolution and natural selection
  • Primary and secondary succession
  • Ecological niches
  • Biodiversity and loss of biodiversity
  • Extinctions
  • Endangered and threatened species
  • Weather and climates
  • Seasons
  • Solar intensities and latitudes
  • Major terrestrial and aquatic biomes
  • Ocean circulation and currents
  • Earth’s layers
  • Plate tectonics
  • Rock cycle
  • Mineral formation and extraction
  • Global mining reserves
  • Forests and forest management
  • Human population distribution and movement
  • Historical population sizes
  • Fertility rates
  • Demographic transition
  • Age-structure diagrams
  • Controlling human population growth: Case studies
  • Urbanization
  • Energy resources and consumption
  • Fossil fuels
  • Nuclear energy
  • Hydroelectric energy
  • Renewable and alternative energy resources
  • Energy conservation
  • Sustainable energy policies
  • Composition of Earth’s atmosphere
  • Stratospheric ozone
  • Primary and secondary air pollution
  • Thermal inversions
  • Indoor air pollution
  • Acid deposition
  • Greenhouse gases and the greenhouse effect
  • Climate change
  • Ozone loss
  • Clean Air Act
  • Soil formation and composition
  • Physical and chemical properties of different soil types
  • Erosion, deforestation, and desertification
  • Soil conservation
  • Types of agriculture
  • Irrigation
  • Green Revolution
  • Sustainable agriculture
  • Fish farming and ranching
  • Food production and distribution
  • Human nutritional requirements
  • Agricultural subsidies and international food relief
  • Pesticides and pesticide use
  • Alternative pest management strategies
  • Physical properties of water
  • Water use and resources
  • Groundwater and watersheds
  • Water supply and quality problems
  • Water pollution types and prevention
  • Water quality indicators
  • Wastewater treatment and water purification
  • Water quality legislation
  • Risk and risk assessment
  • Risk-benefit analysis
  • Transmissible and non-transmissible diseases
  • Smoking
  • Diet and human health
  • Medicine and population growth
  • Toxicology
  • Dose-response relationships
  • Solid and hazardous waste
  • Cleanup of contaminated sites
  • Waste disposal and reduction
  • Landfills
  • Recycling, re-using, and composting
  • Carbon footprints
  • Global change and sustainability
S.No.Program NameFee ComponentAmount (USD)Description
1.RegularCourse Fee$ 400To be paid by the student at the time of Registration.

Grade Level

  Grade 11, 12




 Household items for lab experiments


Algebra I and two years of high-school science, with labs

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